FACE – has their face fallen on one side? can they smile?
ARMS – can they raise both arms and keep them there?
SPEECH – is their speech slurred?
TIME – if you notice any of these signs dial 999
A stroke is a ‘brain attack’ caused by a disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. It’s a medical emergency that requires immediate attention. So recognising the signs of stroke and calling 999 for an ambulance is crucial.
The sooner somebody who is having a stroke gets urgent medical attention, the better their chances of a good recovery.
Some people are more at risk of having a stroke if they also have certain medical conditions. These include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Atrial fibrillation (an irregular heartbeat)
It is important that these conditions are carefully monitored and treated to reduce your chance of having a stroke.
There are also lifestyle factors that may significantly increase the risk of having a stroke. They include:
- Being overweight
- Lack of exercise
- Poor diet
- Excess alcohol consumption
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